Modern and Contemporary Chinese Literature in Translation (EALC 318/590): Web Resources

Research resources on modern Chinese authors fiction and film. MLA writing style and an annotated bibliography of "works cited" are assigned for final paper.

Web Resources

Evaluating Internet Resources (by Georgetown University Library)

Questions to ask:


  • Is the name of the author or creator on the page?
  • Are his/her credentials listed (occupation, years of experience, position or education)?
  • Is the author qualified to write on the given topic? Why?
  • Is there contact information, such as an email address, somewhere on the page?
  • Is there a link to a homepage?
  • If the author is with an organization, what kind of organization is it?
  • What does the domain name/URL says about the source of the information?
  • If the owner is not identified, what can you tell about the origin of the site from the address?


  • Who is the intended audience?
  • Scholarly audience or experts?
  • General public or novices?
  • If not stated, what do you think is the purpose of the site? Is the purpose to: Inform or Teach?  Explain or Enlighten? Persuade?  Sell a Product?


  • Is the information covered fact, opinion, or propaganda?
  • Is the author's point-of-view objective and impartial?
  • Is the language free of emotion-rousing words and bias?
  • Is the author affiliated with an organization?
  • Does the author's affiliation with an institution or organization appear to bias the information?
  • Does the content of the page have the official approval of the institution, organization, or company? 


  • Are the sources for factual information clearly listed so that the information can be verified?
  • Is it clear who has the ultimate responsibility for the accuracy of the content of the material?
  • Can you verify any of the information in independent sources or from your own knowledge?
  • Has the information been reviewed or refereed?
  • Is the information free of grammatical, spelling, or typographical errors?

Reliability and Credibility

  • Why should anyone believe information from this site?
  • Does the information appear to be valid and well-researched, or is it unsupported by evidence?
  • Are quotes and other strong assertions backed by sources that you could check through other means?
  • What institution (company, government, university, etc.) supports this informatio?
  • Is there a non-Web equivalent of this material that would provide a way of verifying its legitimacy?


  • If timeliness of the information is important, is it kept up-to-date?
  • Is there an indication of when the site was last updated?


  • Are links related to the topic and useful to the purpose of the site?
  • Are links still current, or have they become dead ends?
  • What kinds of sources are linked?
  • Are the links evaluated or annotated in any way?


  • Be very critical of any information you find on the Web and carefully examine each site.
  • Print out or download pages you plan to use in your research so that your bibliography will be complete and accurate.
  • Web pages are susceptible to both accidental and deliberate alteration, and may move or disappear with no notice.


(from Georgetown University Librariy website at