I. Primary Sources
Primary sources provide first-hand testimony or direct evidence concerning a topic under investigation. They are created by witnesses or recorders who experienced the events or conditions being documented. Often these sources are created at the time when the events or conditions are occurring, but primary sources can also include autobiographies, memoirs, and oral histories recorded later. Primary sources are characterized by their content, regardless of whether they are available in original format. (http://www.yale.edu/collections_collaborative/primarysources/primarysources.html)
When writing a paper about a work of fiction, the novel, play, or its adoptation film is your primary source for information.
They can be l Secondary sources (critical studies, etc.) may help explain or interpret the text, but the text itself should be used as the main basis for any proofs and persuasions.
- women and Chinese modernity in the Republic era
- literary societies, realism, gender relations
- daily lives in rural and urban settings
- families or marriage in literature
- Chinese family in the larger political, economic and cultural context of modern China
- traditional values and western thought in changing China
- social, cultural or political phenomenon reflected in broader conceptual or interpretive definitions of Chinese fiction
- the role of cultural capitals, such as Beijing or Shanghai in fiction and film adaptations
- the global presence of Chinese fiction outside mainland China
- representations of gender
- the theoretical and cultural basis for determining the merit of particular fictions
A primary source reflects the individual viewpoint of a participant or observer.