Russia, an Introductory History: Research Help

The Reserach Process

Primary vs. Secondary Sources

A primary source is an original object or document -- the raw material or first-hand information.

Primary sources include historical and legal documents, eye witness accounts, results of an experiment, statistical data, pieces of creative writing, and art objects. In the natural and social sciences, the results of an experiment or study are typically found in scholarly articles or papers delivered at conferences, so those articles and papers that present the original results are considered primary sources.

A secondary source is something written about a primary source.

Secondary sources include comments on, interpretations of, or discussions about the original material. You can think of secondary sources as second-hand information. If I tell you something, I am the primary source. If you tell someone else what I told you, you are the secondary source. Secondary source materials can be articles in newspapers or popular magazines, book or movie reviews, or articles found in scholarly journals that evaluate or criticize someone else's original research.

Search Strategies

Identify Keywords: Before searching the Library Catalog or other databases, choosing the right keywords is essential. Take a few minutes to write down all the words that describe your topic. Use these words in keyword searches. For more help with search strategies, follow the links below.

Follow the Bibliographic Trail: One proven method for gathering reliable information efficiently is to follow the citations or references from one source to another. Just as internet links take you to other pages or sources recommended by a site's webmaster, the author of a book or article provides a series of notes and/or references in a bibliography designed to lead you to other sources on the topic.

Can't Find Books on Your Topic?  Some content on a topic can be hidden in small chunks within general works. For example, there may be a few pages or paragraphs on the rusalki in W. F. Ryan's book Bathhouse At Midnight: An Historical Survey of Magic and Divination in Russia.

Still Can't Find Books on Your Topic?  Use Worldcat to search the library catalogs of other universities, then request to borrow the books through our Interlibrary Loan service.

Research Tutorials

General Research tutorials that will guide you through the research process from the beginning to the end.

Tutorials for Evaluating Sources

Tutorials for Citing Sources / Avoiding Plagiarism

Citation Linker

Got citations?

 Go to Citation Linker and type in the article citation. The system will attempt to locate an e-copy.  If nothing comes up, search the Library Catalog for the title of the journal, then, check the holdings to see whether KU Libraries has the print volume, and issue that you need. If KU doesn't have it, you can request the article through Interlibrary Loan.


Slavic & Eurasian Studies

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Jon Giullian
International Collections
Watson Library - Level 5 East
University of Kansas
1425 Jayhawk Blvd, Rm 519
Lawrence, KS 66045
(785) 864-8854