Article 25 The following contents are prohibited from being included in any publication:
1.Which object the basic principles determined in the Constitution;
2.Which endanger the unity of the nation, sovereignty or territorial integrity;
3.Which divulge secrets of the State, endanger national security or damage the honor or benefits of the State;
4.Which incite the national hatred or discrimination, undermine the solidarity of the nations, or infringe upon national customs and habits.
5.Which propagate evil cults or superstition;
6.Which disturb the public order or destroy the public stability;
7.Which propagate obscenity, gambling, violence or instigate crimes;
8.Which insult or slander others, or infringe upon the lawful rights and interests of others;
9.Which endanger public ethics or the fine folk cultural traditions;
10. Other contents prohibited by laws, administrative regulations or provisions of the State.
This page was created in conjunction with the "Banned Book Exhibit 2012," an IAS exhibit series held in Fall 2012. Featured are types and examples of material under censorship in ancient and modern China. Included are a few Ming and Qing era novels which were censored at their first publication, and are now considered classics. Differing political thought, religious expression, ethnic group movements, and immoral contents have all been censored under Communist China. Censorship has been practiced throughout all the dynasties from the first emperor Qin into today's modern China. Literary inquisition or 文字狱 wen zi yu (imprisonment for literary works) has been a common practice throughout Chinese history.