Officially banned materials for publication, distribution and reading. They contain unhealthy content or have adverse political impact.
1. 涉密类 Classified information
2. 非法宗教和迷信类 Illegal religion and superstition
3. 违禁政治类 Political prohibited
4. 色情、赌博、暴力犯罪类 Pornography, gambling, violence, and crime
This page was created in conjunction with the "Banned Book Exhibit 2012," an IAS exhibit series held in Fall 2012. Featured are types and examples of material under censorship in ancient and modern China. Included are a few Ming and Qing era novels which were censored at their first publication, and are now considered classics. Differing political thought, religious expression, ethnic group movements, and immoral contents have all been censored under Communist China. Censorship has been practiced throughout all the dynasties from the first emperor Qin into today's modern China. Literary inquisition or 文字狱 wen zi yu (imprisonment for literary works) has been a common practice throughout Chinese history.